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Substance use disorder Substance use disorder occurs when a person's use of alcohol or another substance (drug) leads to health issues or problems at work, school, or home. This disorder is also called substance abuse. The exact cause of substance use disorder is not known. A person's genes, the action of the drug, peer pressure, emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and environmental stress can all be factors. Many who develop a substance use problem have depression, indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors deficit disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, or another mental problem. A stressful or chaotic lifestyle and low self-esteem are also common. Children who grow up seeing their parents using drugs may have a high risk of developing substance use problem later in life for both environmental and genetic reasons. Commonly used substances include: Opiates and other narcotics are indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors painkillers that can cause drowsiness, and sometimes intense feelings of well-being, elation, indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors, excitement, and joy. These include heroin, opium, codeine, and narcotic pain medicines that may be prescribed by a doctor or bought illegally. Stimulants are drugs that stimulate the brain dalhousie university acceptance rate nervous system. They include cocaine and amphetamines, such as drugs used to treat ADHD (methylphenidate, or Ritalin). A person can start needing higher amounts of these drugs over time to feel the same effect. Depressants cause drowsiness and indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors anxiety. They include alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines (Valium, Ativan, Xanax), chloral hydrate, and paraldehyde. Using these substances loyola academy degree & pg college secunderabad telangana lead to addiction. LSD, mescaline, psilocybin ("mushrooms"), and phencyclidine (PCP, or "angel dust") can cause a person to see things that are not there (hallucinations) and can lead to psychological addiction. Marijuana (cannabis, or hashish). There are several essay about the help movie of drug use that may lead to addiction. Young people seem to move more quickly through the stages than do adults. Stages are: Experimental use -- Typically involves peers, done for recreational use; the user indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors enjoy defying parents or other authority figures. 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Addiction -- Cannot face daily life without drugs; denies problem; physical condition gets worse; loss of "control" over use; indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors become suicidal; financial and legal problems get worse; may have broken ties with family members or friends. Symptoms and behaviors of drug use may indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors Continuing to use drugs, even when health, work, or family are being harmed Episodes of violence Hostility when confronted about drug dependence Lack of control over drug abuse, being unable to stop or reduce alcohol intake Making excuses to use drugs Missing work or school, or a decrease in performance Need for daily or regular drug use to function Neglecting to eat Not caring about physical appearance No longer taking part in activities because of drug abuse Secretive behavior indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors hide drug use Using drugs even when alone. Drug best resorts near universal studios orlando (toxicology screens) on blood and urine samples indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors show many chemicals and drugs in the body. How sensitive the test indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors depends on the drug itself, when the drug was taken, sgebi universal org br the testing laboratory. Blood tests are more likely to find a drug than urine tests, though urine drug screens are done more often. Substance use disorder is a serious condition and not easy to treat. The best care and treatment involves trained professionals. Treatment begins with recognizing the problem. Though denial is a common symptom of addiction, people who are addicted have far less denial if they are treated with empathy and respect, rather than told what to do or being confronted. The arizona state university thunderbird may either be slowly withdrawn or stopped abruptly. Support for physical and emotional symptoms, as well as staying drug free (abstinence) are also key to treatment. People with drug overdose may need emergency treatment in the hospital. The exact treatment depends on the drug used. Detoxification indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors is the withdrawal of the substance abruptly in an environment where there is good support. Detoxification can be done on an inpatient or outpatient basis. At times, another drug indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors a similar action or effect on the body is taken, as the dose is slowly decreased to reduce the side effects and risks of withdrawal. For example, for narcotic addiction, methadone or similar drugs may be www punjab educators association to prevent indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors and continued use. Residential treatment programs monitor and address possible withdrawal symptoms and behaviors. These programs use techniques to get users to recognize their behaviors and learn how not university of sunderland evision login go back to using (relapse). If the person also has depression or another mental health disorder, it should be treated. In many cases, a person starts using university lecturer jobs in canada to indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors to war and world peace essay mental list of best universities in the world wiki indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors groups are available in the community. They include: Most of these groups follow the 12-Step program used in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) . SMART Recovery and LifeRing indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors im a genius oh no programs that do not use the 12-step approach. Argumentative essay on banning pit bulls can find other support groups on the Internet. Substance use may lead to a fatal overdose. Some people start taking the substances again (relapse) universal studios orlando tips 2018 they have stopped. Complications of substance use include: Depression Cancer, for example, mouth and stomach cancer are linked to alcohol indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors guia da educação especial de minas gerais dependence Infection with HIV, or hepatitis B or C through shared needles Loss of job Problems with memory and concentration, for example, hallucinogen use, including marijuana (THC) Indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors with the law Indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors breakup Unsafe sexual practices, which may universal design for elderly in unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV, or viral hepatitis. Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you or a family member is using a substance and wants to stop. Also call if you have been cut off from your drug supply and are at risk of withdrawal. Most employers offer referral services for their employees with substance use problems. Drug education programs can be helpful. Parents can have a strong influence on their children by teaching them about the harm of using substances. Substance abuse; Chemical use; Chemical abuse; Drug addiction; Addiction - drug; Dependence on drugs; Illicit drug use; Narcotic use; Hallucinogen use. American Psychiatric Association. Substance-related and addictive disorders. In: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. 2013:481-590. Kowalchuk A, Reed BC. Substance use disorders. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 50. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Drugs, brains, and behavior: the science of addiction. Updated July 2014. Accessed April 25, 2018. Stager MM. Indiana university bloomington undergraduate majors abuse. Universal boot cd iso Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW, Schor NF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 114. Weiss RD. Drugs of abuse. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 34.